Punjab Agricultural University unveils paddy, basmati, moong, sugarcane varieties

CHANDIGARH: Punjab Agricultural University (PAU), Ludhiana, has released some varieties of paddy, spring/summer moong (greengram), basmati and sugarcane for general cultivation in Punjab. These include PR 126 of paddy; TMB 37 of spring/summer moong; CSR 30, Punjab basmati 4 and Punjab basmati 5 of rice; CoPb 92, CoPb 93 and CoPb 94 of sugarcane.

According to a press released issued by the PAU on Monday, these were approved during a meeting of the state variety approval committee held under the chairmanship of B S Sidhu, director of agriculture, Punjab.

The parmal rice variety PR 126 is an early maturing strain. Its average plant height is 102 cm and matures in about 123 days after seeding. It is resistant to seven of the ten prevalent pathotypes of bacterial blight pathogen in Punjab. Its average paddy yield is 30 quintal per acre.

The TMB 37 matures in 60 days as compared to 62 days for SML 832 and 61 days for SML 668. It has medium sized grains and possesses good culinary properties. The basmati rice variety CSR 30 is about 139 cm tall. It possesses extra long slender grains with excellent cooking and eating quality characteristics. It matures in about 142 days after seeding. Its average paddy yield is 13.5 quintal per acre.

The Punjab basmati 4 is a high-yielding, semi-dwarf, lodging tolerant variety, which is about 96 cm tall. It is resistant to all 10 pathotypes of bacterial blight pathogen, presently prevalent in Punjab. It matures in about 146 days after seeding and its average paddy yield is 17 quintal per acre. The Punjab Basmati 5 is a semi-dwarf variety, which is about 112 cm tall. It is resistant to all 10 pathotypes of bacterial blight pathogen, presently prevalent in the state. It matures in about 137 days after seeding and its average paddy yield is 15 quintal per acre.

The sugarcane variety CoPb 92 is tall, medium thick and purple green in colour. Its juice contains 16-17% sucrose in November and 18% in December. It is a good ratooner (second crop after harvest). It is tolerant to most of the prevalent pathotypes of red rot disease and frost. Quality of gur (jaggery) is also good. Its average yield is about 335 quintal per acre. The CoPb 93 variety is tall, thick and yellowish white in colour. Its juice contains 17-19% sucrose in January and March, respectively. It is a good ratooner. It is tolerant to the prevalent pathotypes of red rot disease. Its average yield is about 390 quintal per acre.

The CoPb 94 is tall, thick and yellow greenish in colour. Its juice contains 16-19% sucrose in January and March, respectively. It is a good ratooner. It is tolerant to the prevalent pathotypes of red rot and smut diseases. Its average yield is about 400 quintal per acre.
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